Dental Surgery

Retained_canine_milk_tooth_1.jpgThe common problem we see is fractured teeth

When it is a big carnassials tooth they cause a lot of pain, and will result in a root infection, deep tooth, and infection spreading up into the bone.  

These teeth need extracting.

Photo caption (above) :
Retained canine milk tooth with tartar build up and gingivitis.

Slab_fracture.jpgBones & Teeth

Dogs on proper balanced diets do not need bones for nutritional purposes, they have everything they need in their food.

The main benefit of bones for dogs is that it gives them something to chew, and this cleans their teeth.  It is without a doubt the most practical and effective way of keeping a dog's teeth clean, has the added bonus of providing hours of entertainment for them, and is much better than brushing teeth because they enjoy it.
Photo caption (above):
Slab fracture on carnassials tooth from chewing bones.  Infected root and gum.

Grade_4_dental_disease.jpgSome dogs can become unwell after chewing bones (vomiting, diarrohea) while others can become constipated.  Constipation is mainly seen with lamb bones, which break up into small pieces, and block the colon completely.  Some larger fragments of bone can block the intestine higher up, or even get stuck in the stomach.

However, all good silver linings have a cloud or two, and bones are no exception.  Some dogs become very possessive about bones, and this can be a problem when you try to approach them.
Photo caption (above):
Grade 4 dental disease (trench mouth) requiring extraction of all teeth
Summary for bones:
Always give BIG bones.  We don't want them to be eaten if possible
Always avoid lamb bones
Stop using them if the dog become possessive

Check teeth regularly for cracks and get them treated.